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Pronouns | Les pronoms

Demonstrative Pronouns | Les pronoms démonstratifs

Demonstrative pronouns agree in gender (masculine [m.], feminine [f.]) and in number (singular [s.], plural [pl.]) with the nouns to which reference is intended.

They express “this/that/the one” in the singular and “these/those/the ones” in the plural.
French demonstrative pronouns cannot stand alone. 

They are usually followed by the tags -ci (this/the latter) or - (that/the former); by de or ; or by the relative pronouns qui, que.

Demonstrative Pronouns
MASCULIN
FÉMININ
SINGULIER
this one
that one
the one
celui
Joey (m. s.) et Samuel (m. s.)  sont frères. Celui-ci (m. s.) est pharmacien et celui-là (m. s.)  est dentiste.


Joey and Samuel are brothers. The latter (that one) is a pharmacist and the former (this one) is a dentist.


/toolbox/pronouns/demonstrative_pronouns/audio/Celui.mp3
celle
Je ne peux pas décider entre ces deux robes. (f. p.)
Celle (f. s.) en coton est plus jolie et aussi moins chère que celle (f. s.)  en soie.


I cannot decide between these two dresses. The cotton one is prettier and also less expensive than the silk one.


/toolbox/pronouns/demonstrative_pronouns/audio/celle.mp3
PLURIEL
these
those
the ones
ceux
Max décide quels raisins (m. pl.) il veut manger.
Il ne sait pas si il veut ceux-ci (m. pl.) ou ceux-là (m. pl.).


Max decides what grapes he wants to eat.
   He does not know if he wants these or those.


/toolbox/pronouns/demonstrative_pronouns/audio/ceux.mp3
celles
Je n'aime pas les pommes (f. pl.) que j’achète au magasin, mais j'aime mieux celles (f. pl.) au marché.


I do not like the apples that I buy at the store but I like the ones at the market.


/toolbox/pronouns/demonstrative_pronouns/audio/Celles.mp3


*Demonstrative pronouns refer to a noun that has already been mentioned.