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Writing a Bibliography | Écrire une bibliographie

MLA Format | Au format MLA


The Modern Language Association (MLA) format is most commonly used when writing papers and citing sources in language based courses.

Websites or Web pages:
Author’s last name, first name (if available).  « Name of internet article (enclosed in quotation marks). »   Name of website (italizised).  Editor(s) of website (if available).  Electronic publication information (Date of publication or of the latest update, and name of any sponsoring institution or organization). Medium of publication. Date of access <URL>. (enclosed in the less/greater than symbols)
* If you cannot find some of this information, cite what is available.

* URL:  Uniform Resource Locator that specifies where an identified resource is available and the way to retrieve the site.                                                                      
For example: http://www.fslhomeworktoolbox.ca

➢    Examples for websites or web pages:
Musée virtuel du Canada. RCIP. Site Web. 17 mars 2011. <http://www.museevirtuel-virtualmuseum.ca/index-fra.jsp>.

Stemp, Maximilian.  « Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.»  Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.  Société Civile pour l’œuvre et la Mémoire d’Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.  Site Web. 17 mars 2011 <http://www.antoinedesaintexupéry.com/>.

Books:
Author’s last name, first name. Book title. Additional information. City of publication: Publishing company, publication date. Medium of publication.

➢    Example for Books:
Watt, Mélanie. Enfin, te voilà! Toronto ON : Éditions Scholastic, 2011. Imprimé.

e-Books
Author’s last name, first name. E-BookTitle. Publication place (print): Publisher (print). Publication date (electronic). Name of institution or organization sponsoring the site. Medium of publication. Date of access <URL>.

➢    Example e-Book 
Verne, Jules. Vingt mille lieues sous les mers. La Bibliothèque électronique du Québec. Collection À tous les vents. Volume 48 : version 1.02. e-book. 17 mars 2011 <http://beq.ebooksgratuits.com/vents/verne.htm>.

Dictionary:
« word. » Dictionary Title . Edition. Place of Publication:  Publisher, Publication date. Medium of publication.

* If the dictionary or encyclopedia arranges articles alphabetically, you may omit volume and page numbers.

➢    Example for Dictionary:
« griffon.» Larousse des débutants. Paris : Larousse, 2005. Imprimé.

Dictionary (online):
« word. » Dictionary or Website Title. Edition. Electronic publication information (Date of publication or of the latest update, and name of any sponsoring institution or organization). Medium of publication. Date of access <ULR>.

➢    Example for dictionary (online):
« griffon.» Le Dictionnaire. Site Web. 17 mars 2011 <http://www.le-dictionnaire.com/>.

Encyclopedia:
Author’s last name, first name (if available). « word. » Encyclopedia Title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher, Publication date. Medium of publication.

➢    Example for Encyclopedia:
« morue. »Encyclopédie Grolier. Le livre des connaissances. Montréal : Grolier Limitée, 1983. Imprimé.

Encyclopedia (online):
Author’s last name, first name. « Name of article. » Name of encyclopedia. Edition. Electronic publication information (Date of publication or of the latest update, and name of any sponsoring institution or organization), Year. Medium of publication. Date of access <ULR>.

➢    Example for encyclopedia (online):
Whitaker, Reg. « Pierre Elliott Trudeau. » L’Encyclopédie Canadienne.  Fondation Historica, 2011. Web. 17 mars 2011 <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=F1ARTF0008141 >.

Magazine and Newspaper Articles:
Author’s last name, first name. « Article Title. » Publication Title  Volume # Date: inclusive pages. Medium of publication.

➢    Example for magazine articles:
Fontaine, Frédérick, et Norédine  Benazdia. « À quoi servent les frontières? » GEO Ado #95 janvier 2011: 16. Imprimé.

➢    Example for newspaper articles:
Castonguay, Natasha. « Qu’est-ce qu’on mange pour souper?. » Le Voyageur  vol. 43 #39      2 mars 2011: 23. Imprimé.

Articles, Magazines, Newspapers, Blogs and  Similar Works(online):
Author’s last name, first name. « Article title. » Title of Reference Work. Electronic publication information (Date of publication or of the latest update, and name of any sponsoring institution or organization). Medium of publication. Date of access <ULR>.

➢    Example for Articles online:
Nero, Robert W. « e Geai bleu. » Faune et Flore du pays. Le ministre de l’Environnement. 1991. Web. 17 mars 2011 <http://www.hww.ca/hww2_f.asp?id=30>.

➢    Example for e-magazines:
Cler, Emilie. « Des cités sous la mer. » Québec Science. 07 nov. 2010. e-magazine. 17 mars 2011 < http://www.quebecscience.qc.ca/Des-cites-sous-la-mer>.

➢    Example for e-newspaper articles:
Chalifour, Annik. « Des symboles de la culture haïtienne à l'honneur.> » L’express 6 mars 2011. Papier électronique. 17 mars 2011 <http://www.lexpress.to/archives/6063/>.

➢    Example for blogs:
Pelletier, Christian. « Musiciens sympathiques, performances magnifiques : La Slague présente Choi au violoncelle, Song au piano. « la Slague » Blog.  11 fév. 2011. Blogue. 17 mars 2011   < http://www.laslague.ca/category/blog/feed/>.

Interview:
Last name, first name of the person interviewed. Type of interview. Date of the interview – day month year.

➢    Example for an interview:
Wyse, Randall. Entrevue personnel.  24 juillet 2005.

Longin, Hellmut. Entrevue par téléphone. 3 mai 2006.

Interview (online):
Last name, first name of the person interviewed. Type of interview. Source of the interview.  Date of the interview or source – day month year. Date of access <ULR>.

➢    Example for an interview (online):
Blair, Tony. Entrevue. Prime Minister's Office. 31 mai 2003. 13 avril 2006
        <http://www.pm.gov.uk/output/Page3797.asp>.

Chirac, Jacques. Entrevue. Time 16 fév. 2003. 10 oct. 2005    
<http://www.time.com/time/europe/magazine/2003/0224/cover/interview.html>.

Neilsen, Jerry. Entrevue par courriel. 28 avr. 2006.

Music/Songs/Lyrics:
Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. « Title of song. » Title of recording. Publication medium (Cassette, CD, MP3, magnetic tape). Edition, release, or version. Place of publication: publisher, date of publication.

➢    Example for music:
Annie Brocoli. « Le break dance intergalactique. » Broco Show. CD. Montréal Québec : Les Productions Benannah Inc., 2008.

Music/Songs/Lyrics (online):
Performers last name, first name. « Title of recording. » Name of website. Publisher. Date of publication. Medium of publication. Date of access <ULR>.

➢    Example for music (online):
Jacquot. « Jouez au hockey. » YouTube. Web.17 mars 2011 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0GAQM7-7WSE>.